Welcome to 1525 A.D.


A lifelong writer, J.D. Lanctôt is now bringing his talents to demonstrate Andean culture in all its mystery and beauty through stories.  To view his upcoming works connect with him or view his “Today’s Writing” page.

The stories he writes are based on the most recent anthropologic research and the wisdom passed down through the generations. It troubles him that despite the interest in Machu Picchu, Cusco and other archeological sites that correct information was difficult to find.

Who Were the Inkas?

The Inkas were the rulers of the Inka Empire, which we believed they called Tahuantinsuyu (Pronounce: Tah-wha-tin-sue-you). They spanned from modern-day Colombia to the middle of Chile. They existed at the same time as the Aztecs, and the Mayans, although there is no evidence that there was any contact between the great empires. The Inkas are known for the archeological sites of Machu Picchu, founding Cusco, and stonework that still amazes to this day. The empire collapsed in 1532 when Pizarro and the other Conquistadors entered Cusco, their capital. Although the empire may no longer exist, remnants of this ancient civilization can still be seen in the culture of Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia.

Planning a Trip to Machu Picchu or Peru?

Picture of Terraces at Machu Picchu

One of the biggest draws to what was Tahuantinsuyu is Machu Picchu and Cusco and for good reasons, millions of tourists a year couldn’t be wrong. If you go, be diligent in learning about the Inkas before you arrive because the museums are few, the signage is lacking and guides may not be reliable. There is abundant information on this website and in the books of J.D. Lanctôt to educate. All of the information is well researched and reliable. Safe travels and enjoy one of the most magical places!

Cusco Part 1

What Cusco was really like. Cusco is an amazing city. It reads in the same chapter of centers of cultural influence as Rome, Alexandra, Athens, the Kyoto, Mecca, and Xia to name a few, but unlike these other locations, most of its history is lost and the little that...

read more
State of Inkan Research

State of Inkan Research

A new discovery at Stone Hedge shakes the global media, yet the discovery of a famed Inkan city hardly makes a splash in that country’s gossip. Andean countries should do more to make the research that is performed on their soil that results in findings about their...

read more
Different Takes on Viewing Our Place in Time

Different Takes on Viewing Our Place in Time

I’ve written here and there about "pachacutis" and other timekeeping practices that the ancient Andeans used, and to some extent still used today in that part of the world. There is another unique way that many Andean cultures, including the Inkas and the Aymara, look...

read more

Maps of the Inca Empire and Colonial South America

Machu Picchu and Cusco were only one of the many important locations in the Inca Empire. Most of these places have either changed names, been relocated, or ceased to exist. The Inca Realm consisted of 10 million people so the landscape was covered with settlements, tampus, huacas, administrative centers, and cities. You can get a sense of what Peru looked like using many early maps.

View the maps


Events That Led to Fall of Tahuantinsuyu, the Inka Empire

The Inka believed in a circular time model. They believed the world had been destroyed and created many times and that it would happen again. When the conquistadors arrived with their linear time model it is needless to say that the calendars did not match. I compared the texts of the conquistadors and the recorded events as told by the Incas. I created easy to read timelines incorporating this information.


Timeline of the Reign of the Sapa Inkas