Map of Quito

This map of Quito is valuable because many names and locations have been changed since it was drawn. Within the territory controlled by the Inca, Quito is likely the site that we lost the most. It’s not entirely the Spaniards fault either. It was only 50 years before the Spanish conquest that the Incas solidified their grasp on Quito destroying much of it. There are records that indicate that the Inca were building Quito into another holy site like Cusco, but only so much had been completed by the time of the War of the Brothers. During this war, Quito was neglected and likely attacked again by rebels. When the Spanish arrival was imminent General Rumiñahui gave the order for Quito to be burned. When the Spanish arrived they destroyed the rest and built on top the last of the ruins.

We know that the Quito region had a very rich history and those that inhabited the area were at the joining of the civilized southern Andeans and the barbarous nomads of the northern Andes. There was a lot of influence from Central American culture as well as the Amazon. They had a unique social order from that of the Incas. That created moderate problems for the Inca and gave rise to a unique model of conquest.

Due to the few records being kept of Quito and the loss of the archeological record little is known about this area and that is why this map valuable, but not so much. This map was created over 200 years of Spanish rule, all of these locations have been documented elsewhere, but it is still good to see.

This is one of the earliest maps of Quito. This is a map of Quito from 1772. It is a very clear map. Upon it there are many titles that have been changed since.

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Map of Quito on Parchment

Map of Quito on Parchment. Courtesy of Library of Congress.